It's time to quit smoking
May 24, 2024
Lung cancer

Lung cancer

Smoking causes lung cancer in the following way
1) Damages the cells that make up the lungs as a result of inhaling carcinogens from cigarettes. Lung tissue changes.
2) Prolonged exposure to smoking causes more and more damage to the cells that make up the lungs. Gradually the damaged tissue begins to dominate.
3) Cells transform into malignant and cancer develops.

Types of lung cancer
More than half of the tumors develop in the upper lungs.
Tobacco consumption is the biggest risk of lung cancer, so consider quitting.
According to the type of cells that make it up, lung cancer is divided into small cell and non-small cell cancer.

According to the type of epithelial cells, non-small cell carcinoma is divided into:
1) Adecarcinoma – develops from cells secreting mucus (mucus);
2) Squamous cell carcinoma – develops from epithelial cells covering the airways;
3) Large cell carcinoma – develops from another type of cell.

When to see a doctor?
If you have been smoking for a long time or have symptoms, make an appointment with a doctor. Lung cancer has no symptoms in its earliest stages. As the disease progresses, the symptoms may be:

– Lack of air
– Headache
– Prolonged cough that does not subside
– Cough with sputum
– Cough with sputum blood
– Bone pain
– Daggers in the chest or unexplained pain
– Change of voice and hoarse voice
– Rapid weight loss
– Night sweats
– Inexplicably high temperature

Treatment of lung cancer
In lung cancer, the earlier the tumor is detected, the greater the chance of it being cured. Detection of cancer in the early stages is almost impossible because the cancer is not seen on an X-ray and has no symptoms. About 70% of patients could survive five or more years if the cancer is detected early. The end result is usually fatal. If ten years ago there was no chance of treatment or rather prolongation of the patient’s life, today there are innovative treatments that can prolong the patient’s life in some cases.

1) Immunotherapy. It aims to increase the patient’s immune response against the tumor and reduce unwanted suppression of the immune system after radiation and chemotherapy.
2) Radiation therapy. It is indicated in patients with small cell carcinoma and in patients in whom surgical treatment is contraindicated. Palliative radiation therapy is used in patients with severe pain due to bone metastases, compression of the superior vena cava, brain metastases and others.
3) Chemotherapy. It causes a number of side effects such as vomiting, nausea, pulmonary fibrosis and others.
4) Surgical removal of one lung, its lobe or a smaller part depending on the prevalence.
5) Symptomatic treatment as an analgesic.

More Info About Lung cancer

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